The Navajo word sédá is an action or condition of sitting. It is not the same as saying “the rock is sitting on the stove” – for that you’d use another ‘resting’ verb with a particle describing the rock. It relates to people, and therefore uses several forms to relate the speaker to the subject(s).

A group of these similar forms are commonly referred to as ‘conjugations’, and is one of the features of the Navajo verb. Here is the conjugation for sédá:

  • séda (1s)
  • sínídá (2s)
  • sidá (3s)
  • siiké (1d)
  • sooké (2d)
  • siké (3d)
  • naháatą́ (1p)
  • nahisóotą́ (2p)
  • naháaztą́ (3p)

Each word is marked with its point-of-view: 1) me, I, we, us; 2) you, both of you, you all; 3) he/she/it, them, they. ‘S’ marks singular (just one), ‘D’ marks dual (two people), and ‘P’ marks plural (three or more).

Here are a few examples:

Bikáá’ dahasdáhí bikáá’ dah sidá. (She is sitting on a chair)

Kwe’é sédá. (I am seated here)

Hookee sédá (“house-sitting” or taking care of a house)